Peter Jenniskens

Peter Jenniskens
Senior Research Scientist
Degree/Major: 
Physics and Astronomy
Major Awards: 

2010 NASA Ames Group Achievement Award, Hayabusa Reentry Observation Team

2009 NASA Group Achievement Award, Jules Verne Reentry Observation Team

2006 NASA Ames Group Achievement Award, Stardust Reentry Observation Team

2000 NASA Ames Honor Award, lead of Leonid MAC missions

1999 NASA Ames Outstanding Research Award, Leonid meteor showers

1996 NASA Ames Outstanding Research Award, ice studies

1994 AANC, Professional Award for public outreach

Curriculum Vitae: 
Discipline: 
Planetary Astronomy

If you ever spend a night under the stars watching for meteors and saw something unusual, you may want to meet astronomer Dr. Peter Jenniskens. He’s an expert on meteor showers and author of Meteor Showers and their Parent Comets, a 790 page book containing predictions on what unusual meteor showers to expect in the next 50 years.

Peter is best known for his recovery of fragments of asteroid 2008 TC3 in the Nubian Desert of northern Sudan with Sudanese astronomer Muawia Shaddad and his students from the University of Khartoum. This was the first time that an asteroid was spotted in space, observed by telescopes, then samples retrieved for study. More: http://asima.seti.org/2008TC3/ 

Peter currently runs the NASA sponsored Cameras for Allsky Meteor Surveillance (CAMS) project  in northern California, which aims to confirm some of the 300+ meteor showers in the IAU Working List that need confirmation. Sixty video security cameras film the skies over the San Francisco Bay Area. Each confirmed shower identifies past activity from one of the many Near Earth Asteroids that are being discovered in recent years. He is famous for identifying the parent body of the Quadrantid shower, a minor planet called 2003 EH1, which led to a small rennaiscance in finding parent bodies of our meteor showers. CAMS already confirmed several showers and discovered a new shower, the February eta Draconids, caused by the trail of dust from a potentially hazardous long-period comet. More: http://cams.seti.org

Peter is a meteor storm chaser, who likes to watch meteor showers where they are at their most spectacular: high above clouds in an airplane. His NASA sponsored multi-instrument aircraft campaigns have brought teams of researchers to Japan, Israel, and Spain to study the 1998 – 2002 Leonid meteor storms. In 2007 and 2008, he studied from the air an encounter with the dust of long-period comet C/1911 N1 (Kiess) and the Quadrantid shower. More: http://airborne.seti.org

He has used the same techniques to study artificial meteors during the return of NASA's Genesis and Stardust missions over Utah, the re-entry of ESA's first Automated Transfer Vehicle over the Pacific Ocean and, most recently, the return of JAXA's Hayabusa spacecraft over Australia. These missions gathered data on the physical conditions during entry for clues about the performance of the sample return capsule's thermal protection system and about the manner of breakup during controlled re-entries of spacecraft lacking such thermal protection. One result has been some incredible video footage. More: http://airborne.seti.org

 

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An Observing Campaign to Study the Re-Entry of Hayabusa

This cooperative agreement is to support an airborne and ground-based observing campaign to study the physical conditions experienced during re-entry by the HAYABUSA sample return capsule and bus over Australia in June of 2010.

Analysis of Automated Transfer Vehicle Reentry Observations

The new work is an extension of the reentry observing campaign executed in September and October of 2008 under cooperative agreement NNA06CA84A. The new work specifically pertains to the analysis of spectroscopic data obtained during this campaign.

An Automated Meteoroid Orbit Survey to Measure the Fragmentation History of (Mostly) Dormant Comets in the Near Earth Orbit Population

Testing of the hypothesis that the disintegration of dormant comets is the dominant contribution of dust to the zodiacal cloud.