‘Earthquakes and Archaeology’ is an emerging field with impact on both earthquake science and archaeological and historical studies. It has been controversial as archaeologists and historians have traditionally rejected earthquakes as an important agent. But now with the advent of plate tectonics and modern instrumentation, this controversy is subsiding as we begin to offer answers to some key questions in both disciplines:
Some Significant Geophysics Questions:
1. Time/space pre-instrumental patterns of large earthquakes.
2. Maximum earthquake magnitude, maximum rupture length, etc.
3. One big event or several smaller ones?
Some Significant Archaeological Questions:
1. Why so many ruins?
2. Why so many layers/levels of destruction?
[Knossos-10, Jericho-22, Armageddon-30, Troy-45].
3. Who buried the Dead Sea Scrolls?
4. The nature of regional destructions and system collapse. A specific example Professor Nur will focus on is the catastrophic end of the bronze age @1200BC.