ICEE: Instrument Concepts for Europa Exploration by Cynthia Phillips
By Cynthia Phillips, Planetary geologist
In 2013, NASA offered a new research program solicitation called Instrument Concepts for Europa Exploration (ICEE), as part of the Outer Planets program of NASA's Planetary Science Division. ICEE offered an opportunity to the scientific and engineering community to submit proposals for development and maturation of instrument concepts for a potential strategic mission to Europa, thereby reducing technical risks of that mission. The goal of the program was to produce mature instrument concepts that could be proposed to a future mission announcement of opportunity (AO) without requiring future long periods of technological development before flight hardware selection and construction could ultimately begin.