Spectral Library

spectrum

July 24, 2009

Published reflectance spectra are available here for a variety of minerals and Mars analog materials. The files are currently listed by sample ID number, which is roughly chronological. These are composite spectra derived by splicing together biconical FTIR reflectance data to extended visible region bidirectional spectra that are calibrated to absolute reflectance. All spectra were measured at the Reflectance Experiment Laboratory (RELAB) at Brown University: http://www.planetary.brown.edu/relab/. The FTIR spectra are measured under controlled, dry humidity conditions in order to minimize the presence of adsorbed water on the samples. This gives a closer approximation of what the spectra of these samples would look like on Mars than spectra measured under ambient conditions on Earth.

Please read the policy regarding the use and referencing carefully before using this library:

By using this site, you signify your agreement to this policy. If you do not agree, you may not use the site or its services. If data from this library are published as part of scientific research or other work, the citations given must be referenced. These papers provide additional details about the samples and spectra. Each data file contains two columns separated by tabs: the first is wavelength (in nm) and the second is reflectance. In some cases the number of lines of data is given at the top of the file.

 

sample ID file
name
WL-beg
µm
WL-end
µm
file
date
sample description, texture/particle

references

JB-001  bkr1jb001 0.30 25.921 28-Jul-1992 montmorillonite + FeOx, 100 % FeCl2 sol'n, pH=7, ~1-2 µm p.s., dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al.(1993)
JB-005 bkr1jb005 0.30 25.921 28-Jul-1992 H-exchanged SWy-1 montmorillonite, 100 % HCl sol'n, pH=5 Bishop et al. (1994)
JB-006 bkr1jb006 0.30 25.921 10-Jul-1992 Ca-exchanged SWy-1 montmorillonite, 100 % CaCl2 sol'n, pH=7 Bishop et al. (1994)
JB-008 bkr1jb008 0.30 25.921 10-Jul-1992 Na-exchanged SWy-1 montmorillonite, 100 % NaCl sol'n, pH=7 Bishop et al. (1994)
JB-011 bkr1jb011 0.30 25.921 4-Sep-1992 montmorillonite + FeOx, 600 % FeCl2 sol'n, O2(g), pH=7 Bishop et al. (1993)
JB-011 bkr2jb011 0.30 25.921 4-Sep-1992 montmorillonite + FeOx, 600 % FeCl2 sol'n, O2(g), pH=7 Bishop et al. (1993)
JB-011 bkr3jb011 0.30 25.921 26-Oct-1992 montmorillonite + FeOx, 600 % FeCl2 sol'n, O2(g), pH=7 (data missing 4180-4380) Bishop et al. (1993)
JB-013 bkr1jb013 0.30 24.923 28-Oct-2003 natural Swy-1, bulk, ~2 µm Bishop et al. (1993), Bishop & Murad, 2004
JB-013 bkr2jb013 0.30 25.921 16-Nov-1992 natural Swy-1, ~2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. (1993), Bishop & Murad, 2004
JB-013 bkr3jb013 0.30 24.924 24-Mar-1997 natural Swy-1, ~2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. (1993), Bishop & Murad, 2004
JB-014 bkr1jb014 0.30 25.044 28-Oct-2003 natural STx-1, bulk, ~2 µm Bishop et al. (1993), Bishop & Murad, 2004
JB-014 bkr2jb014 0.30   28-Oct-2003 natural STx-1, ~2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. (1993), Bishop & Murad, 2004
JB-015 bkr1jb015 0.30 25.044 28-Oct-2003 natural SAz-1, bulk, ~2 µm Bishop et al. (1993), Bishop & Murad, 2004
JB-015 bkr2jb015 0.30 25.921 28-Oct-2003 natural SAz-1, ~2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. (1993), Bishop & Murad, 2004
JB-016 bkr1jb016 0.30 25.921 10-Jul-1992 montmorillonite + FeOx, 100 % FeCl3 sol'n, pH=7 Bishop et al. (1995)
JB-017 bkr1jb017 0.30 25.921 10-Jul-1992 montmorillonite + FeOx, 300 % FeCl3 sol'n, pH=7 Bishop et al. (1995)
JB-018 bkr1jb018 0.30 25.921 10-Jul-1992 montmorillonite + FeOx, 600 % FeCl3 sol'n, pH=7 Bishop et al. (1995)
JB-019 bkr1jb019 0.30 25.921 10-Jul-1992 Swy-1 montmorillonite with Mg-exchanged interlayer cations Bishop et al. (1994)
JB-041 bkr1jb041 0.30 24.924 4-Sep-1992 hematite, from R. G. Burns, Harvard Collection #107069, dissolved out of sugar mount, grey hematite GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-045-a bkr1jb045a 0.30 25.050 21-Jän-2003 ferrihydrite, from R. G. Burns, dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-045 bkr1jb045 0.30 25.921 4-Sep-1992 ferrihydrite, from R. G. Burns (data missing 4180-4380), dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-046 bkr1jb46 0.30 25.921 4-Sep-1992 ferrihydrite, made by J. L. Bishop, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-046 bkr2jb46 0.30 25.921 26-Oct-1992 ferrihydrite, made by J. L. Bishop  (data missing 4180-4380), powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-047 bkr1jb047 0.30 25.921 4-Sep-1992 goethite, from R. G. Burns, dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-048 bkr1jb048 0.30 25.921 26-Oct-1992  akaganéite, from R. G. Burns  (data missing 4180-4380), dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-049 bkr1jb049 0.30 25.921 26-Oct-1992 lepidocrocite, from R. G. Burns, Harvard Collection (data missing 4180-4380), dissolved out of sugar, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-050 bkr1jb050 0.30 25.921 4-Sep-1992 lepidocrocite, from R. G. Burns, dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-050-a bkr1jb050a 0.30 25.050 21-Jän-2003 lepidocrocite, from R. G. Burns, dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-052 bkr1jb052 0.30 25.921 26-Oct-1992 feroxyhite, gamma-FeOOH, from R. G. Burns (data missing 4180-4380), dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-053 bkr1jb053 0.30 25.921 28-Oct-2003 jarosite, impure, from R. G. Burns (data missing 4180-4380), dissolved out of sugar mount, powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-054 bkr1jb054 0.30 25.921 13-Nov-1992 goethite, made by J. L. Bishop (data missing 4180-4380), powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-056 bkr1jb056 0.30 25.921 27-Oct-1992 lepidocrocite, made by J. L. Bishop (data missing 4180-4380), powder GCA 1993, RGB 1996
JB-066 bkr1jb066 0.30 24.924 26-Aug-1997 Haleakala, palagonitic material, <45 µm dry sieved Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-066-a bkr1jb066a 0.300 24.924 2-Mar-1998 Haleakala, palagonitic material, <2 µm sediment fractionation, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-070 bkr1jb070 0.30 24.924 26-Aug-1997 Haleakala, palagonitic material, <45 µm dry sieved Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB081 bkr1jb081 0.30 24.804 23-Sep-1993 lakebottom sediment B-11, 20-24 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB081 bkr1jb081a 0.35 24.924 4-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-11, 20-24 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB082 bkr1jb082 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-10, 19-20 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB082 bkr1jb082a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-10, 19-20 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB083 bkr1jb083 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-10a, 18.5-19 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB083 bkr1jb083a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-10a, 18.5-19 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB084 bkr1jb084b 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-9, 17-18.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB084 bkr1jb084a 0.35 24.924 4-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-9, 17-18.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB085 bkr1jb085 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-8, 13-17 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB085 bkr1jb085a 0.35 24.924 4-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-8, 13-17 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB086 bkr1jb086 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-7, 12.5-13 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB086 bkr1jb086a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-7, 12.5-13 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB087 bkr1jb087 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-7a, 12-12.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB088 bkr1jb088 0.30 24.924 23-Sep-1993 lakebottom sediment B-6, 10-12 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB088 bkr1jb088a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-6, 10-12 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB089 bkr1jb089 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-5, 9-10 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB089 bkr1jb089a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-5, 9-10 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB090 bkr1jb090 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-5a, 8.5-8.75 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB091 bkr1jb091 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-5b, 8.75-9 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB092 bkr1jb092 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-4, 7.5-8.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB092 bkr1jb092a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-4, 7.5-8.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB093 bkr1jb093 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-3f, 7.25-7.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB093 bkr1jb093a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-3f, 7.25-7.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB094 bkr1jb094 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-3e, 7-7.25 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB094 bkr1jb094a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-3e, 7-7.25 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB095 bkr1jb095 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-3d, 6.75-7 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB096 bkr1jb096 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-3c, 6.5-6.75 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB097 bkr1jb097 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-3b, 6.25-6.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB097 bkr1jb097a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-3b, 6.25-6.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB098 bkr1jb098 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-3a, 6-6.25 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB098 bkr1jb098a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-3a, 6-6.25 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB099 bkr1jb099 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-2, 2-6 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB099 bkr1jb099a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-2, 2-6 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB100 bkr1jb100 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-2a, 1.5-2 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB100 bkr1jb100a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-2a, 1.5-2 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB101 bkr1jb101 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-1, 0.5-1.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB101 bkr1jb101a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-1, 0.5-1.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB102 bkr1jb102 0.30 24.924 3-May-1993 lakebottom sediment B-1a, 0-0.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB102 bkr1jb102a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment B-1a, 0-0.5 cm depth, core #DH2-37, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB103 bkr1jb103 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-1, 1-2 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB103 bkr1jb103a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment C-1, 1-2 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB104 bkr1jb104 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-2c, 3-4 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB105 bkr1jb105 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-3, 6-7 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB105 bkr1jb105a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment C-3, 6-7 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB106 bkr1jb106 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-4b, 8-9 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB106 bkr1jb106a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment C-4b, 8-9 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB107 bkr1jb107 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-5, 11-12 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB107 bkr1jb107a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment C-5, 11-12 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB108 bkr1jb108 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-6c, 14-15 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB108 bkr1jb108a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment C-6c, 14-15 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB109 bkr1jb109 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-7a, 15-16 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB109 bkr1jb109a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment C-7a, 15-16 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB110 bkr1jb110 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment C-10, 24-26 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB110 bkr1jb110a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment C-10, 24-26 cm depth, core #DH4-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB111 bkr1jb111 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment D-1, 1-2 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB111 bkr1jb111a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment D-1, 1-2 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB112 bkr1jb112 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment D-2, 5-6 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB112 bkr1jb112a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment D-2, 5-6 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB113 bkr1jb113 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment D-4, 14-16 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB113 bkr1jb113a 0.35 24.924 3-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment D-4, 14-16 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<45 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB114 bkr1jb114 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 lakebottom sediment D-5, 21-23 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB114 bkr1jb114a 0.35 24.924 4-Oct-1995 lakebottom sediment D-5, 21-23 cm depth, core #DH1-1, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB115 bkr1jb115 0.30 24.924 1-Oct-1993 sediment from surface of ice, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB115 bkr1jb115a 0.35 24.924 16-Oct-1995 sediment from surface of ice, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved ~<125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (1996) GCA
JB129 bkr1jb129 0.30 24.924 30-Sep-1995 hematite Fe2O3 from Aldrich, <5 µm p.s., dry sieved <125 µm Bishop + Murad, 2002
JB130-A bkr1jb130a 0.30 24.924 30-Sep-1995 schwertmannite, #Bt-4, nanophase, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop + Murad, 1996
JB130-B bkr1jb130b 0.30 24.924 30-Sep-1995 schwertmannite, #Bt-4, nanophase grains, bulk powder Bishop + Murad, 1996
JB131 bkr1jb131 0.30 24.924 30-Sep-1995 schwertmannite, #Z-5106, nanophase grains, bulk powder Bishop + Murad, 1996
JB-165-A bkr1jb165a 0.30 24.924 10-Nov-1996 altered volcanic tephra, Tarawera, NZ, <63 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-165-B bkr1jb165b 0.30 24.924 30-Mar-1996 altered volcanic tephra, Tarawera, NZ, <90 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-165-F bkr1jb165f 0.30 24.924 22-Oct-2003 altered volcanic tephra, Tarawera, NZ, < 2 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-166 bkr1jb166 0.30 24.924 30-Mar-1996 altered volcanic tephra, Tarawera, NZ, <90 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-167 bkr1jb167 0.30 24.924 30-Mar-1996 altered volcanic tephra, Tarawera, NZ, <90 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-168 bkr1jb168 0.30 24.924 30-Mar-1996 altered volcanic tephra, Tarawera, NZ, <90 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB170 bkr1jb170 0.30 24.924 30-Mar-1996 SWa-1, CMS-source clays, Washington, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB170 bkr2jb170 0.30 24.924 24-Mar-1997 SWa-1, CMS-source clays, Washington, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB171 bkr1jb171 0.30 24.924 30-Mar-1996 SAz-1, CMS-source clays, Arizona, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB172 bkr1jb172 0.30 24.924 30-Mar-1996 hectorite, Hector, CA (contains carbonate admixture), <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-2
JB173 bkr1jb173 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1996 montmorillonite, from Stebno, SK, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB174 bkr1jb174 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1996 montmorillonite, from Jelsovy Potok, SK, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB175 bkr1jb175 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1996 nontronite, from Sampor, SK, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB175 bkr2jb175 0.30 24.924 24-Mar-1997 nontronite, from Sampor, SK, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB176 bkr1jb176 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1996 montmorillonite, from Rokle, SK, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 CM-1
JB-180 bkr1jb180 0.30 24.924 10-Nov-1996 altered volcanic ash from Santorini island, Greece, <45 µm dry sieved Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-181 bkr1jb181 0.30 24.924 10-Nov-1996 altered volcanic ash from Santorini island, Greece, <45 µm dry sieved Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-181-F bkr1jb181f 0.30 24.924 22-Oct-2003 altered volcanic ash from Santorini island, Greece, <2 µm, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB-182 bkr1jb182 0.30 24.924 10-Nov-1996 altered volcanic ash from active fumerole on Santorini island, Greece, <45 µm dry sieved Bishop et al. JGR 1998
JB190-a bkr1jb190a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-1, 0-0.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB190-b bkr1jb190b 0.30 24.924 11-Nov-1996 lakebottom sediment E-1, 0-0.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB191-a bkr1jb191a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-2, 0.5-3 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB191-b bkr1jb191b 0.30 24.924 11-Nov-1996 lakebottom sediment E-2, 0.5-3 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB192-a bkr1jb192a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-3, 3-5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB192-b bkrajb192b 0.30 24.924 11-Nov-1996 lakebottom sediment E-3, 3-5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB193-a bkr1jb193a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-4, 5-16 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB193-b bkr1jb193b 0.30 24.924 11-Nov-1996 lakebottom sediment E-4, 5-16 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB194-a bkr1jb194a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-5, 16-20.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB194-b bkrajb194b 0.30 24.924 11-Nov-1996 lakebottom sediment E-5, 16-20.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB195-a bkr1jb195a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-6, 21-24.5 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB195-b bkr1jb195b 0.30 24.924 14-Dec-1996 lakebottom sediment H-6, 21-24.5 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB196-a bkr1jb196a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-7, 24.5-29 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB196-b bkr1jb196b 0.30 24.924 7-Dec-1996 lakebottom sediment H-7, 24.5-29 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB197-a bkr1jb197a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-8, 29-34 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB197-b bkr1jb197b 0.30 24.924 7-Dec-1996 lakebottom sediment H-8, 29-34 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB198-a bkr1jb198a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-9, 34-36 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB198-b bkr1jb198b 0.30 24.924 7-Dec-1996 lakebottom sediment H-9, 34-36 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB199-a bkr1jb199a 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-10, 36-38 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, coarse grains ~<1 mm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB199-b bkr1jb199b 0.30 24.924 14-Dec-1996 lakebottom sediment H-10, 36-38 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB200-a bkr2jb200 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-6, 20.5-23.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB200-b bkr1jb200 0.30 24.924 19-Jän-1998 lakebottom sediment E-6, 20.5-23.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB201-a bkr2jb201 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-7, 23.5-29.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB201-b bkr1jb201 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment E-7, 23.5-29.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB202-a bkr2jb202 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-8, 29.5-33.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB202-b bkr1jb202 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment E-8, 29.5-33.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB203-a bkr2jb203 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-9, 33.5-38.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB203-b bkr1jb203 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment E-9, 33.5-38.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB204-a bkr2jb204 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment E-10, 38.5-47.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB204-b bkr1jb204 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment E-10, 38.5-47.5 cm depth, oxic core #DH2-49, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB205-a bkr2jb205 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-1, 0-3 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB205-b bkr1jb205 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment H-1, 0-3 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB206-a bkr2jb206 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-2, 3-7 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB206-b bkr1jb206 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment H-2, 3-7 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB207-a bkr2jb207 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-3, 7-13 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB207-b bkr1jb207 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment H-3, 7-13 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB208-a bkr2jb208 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-4, 13-20 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB208-b bkr1jb208 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment H-4, 13-20 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB209-a bkr2jb209 0.30 24.924 31-Mar-1998 lakebottom sediment H-5, 20-21 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB209-b bkr1jb209 0.30 24.924 15-Sep-1997 lakebottom sediment H-5, 20-21 cm depth, anoxic core #DH4-13, Lake Hoare, Antarctic Dry Valleys, ground, dry sieved <125 µm p.s. Bishop et al. (2001) GCA
JB-248-a bkr1jb248a 0.30 24.924 26-Aug-1997 Haleakala, palagonitic material, dry sieved <53 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-248-F bkr1jb248f 0.30 24.924 2-Mar-1998 Haleakala, palagonitic material, <2 µm sed fract, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-248-D bkr1jb248d 0.30 24.924 9-Jul-1999 Haleakala, palagonitic material, tephra collected 1-2 cm depth, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-250 bkr1jb250a 0.30 24.924 22-Oct-2003 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, bright red soil, dry sieved <53 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-250-F bkr1jb250f 0.30 24.924 2-Mar-1998 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, bright red soil, <2 µm sed fract, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-250-D bkr1jb250d 0.30 24.924 12-Jul-1999 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, tephra collected 1-2 cm depth, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. JGR 1998, Bishop et al. 2007
JB-270 bkr1jb270 0.30 24.924 6-Jän-1999 Octopus Spring, Yellowstone, siliceous sinter, crushed, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2004 Icarus
JB-329-C bkr1jb329c 0.30 28.649 30-Jun-2004 Octopus Spring, Yellowstone, siliceous sinter, crushed, coarse 1-2 mm chips Bishop et al. 2004 Icarus
JB-329 bkr1jb329 0.30 24.924 5-May-1998 Octopus Spring, Yellowstone, siliceous sinter, crushed, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2004 Icarus
JB-330 bkr1jb330 0.30 24.924 5-May-1998 Mammoth Formation, Yellowstone, carbonate travertine, crushed, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2004 Icarus
JB-331-c bkr1jb331c 0.30 28.649 30-Jun-2004 Mammoth Formation, Yellowstone, carbonate travertine, crushed, coarse 1-2 mm chips Bishop et al. 2004 Icarus
JB-331 bkr1jb331 0.30 24.924 5-May-1998 Mammoth Formation, Yellowstone, carbonate travertine, crushed, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2004 Icarus
JB-364 bkr1jb364 0.30 24.924 8-Jul-1999 MIX-1; Soil mixture by wt: 70%JB011, 10%JB250, 10%JB182, 10%JB366, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2002 JGR
JB-364-D bkr1jb364d 0.40 24.924 1-Nov-1999 MIX-1; Soil mixture by wt: 70%JB011, 10%JB250, 10%JB182, 10%JB366, dehydrated crust Bishop et al. 2002 JGR
JB-364-F bkr1jb364f 0.30 25.921 13-Apr-2000 MIX-1; Soil mixture by wt: 70%JB011, 10%JB250, 10%JB182, 10%JB366, ground crust, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2002 JGR
JB-365 bkr1jb365 0.30 24.924 8-Jul-1999 MIX-2; Soil mixture by wt: 70%JB248, 10%JB250, 10%JB182, 10%JB366, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2002 JGR
JB-365 bkr1jb365d 0.40 24.924 1-Nov-1999 MIX-2; Soil mixture by wt: 70%JB248, 10%JB250, 10%JB182, 10%JB366, dehydrated crust Bishop et al. 2002 JGR
JB-365 bkr1jb365f 0.30 25.921 13-Apr-2000 MIX-2; Soil mixture by wt: 70%JB248, 10%JB250, 10%JB182, 10%JB366, ground crust, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2002 JGR
JB-366 bkr1jb366 0.30 24.924 8-Jul-1999 Magnesium sulfate, MgSO4•7H2O, from Fisher Scientific, ground, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2002 JGR
JB-391-A bkr1jb391a 0.40 24.924 5-Jan-2000 Haleakala, near cinder cone, tephra collected on surface, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-391-B bkr1jb391b 0.30 24.924 11-Feb-2002 Haleakala, near cinder cone, tephra collected on surface, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-391-B bkr2jb391b 0.32 24.924 16-Jul-2003 Haleakala, near cinder cone, tephra collected on surface, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-392 bkr1jb392 0.40 24.924 5-Jan-2000 Haleakala, near cinder cone, tephra collected 1-2 cm depth, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-394-A bkr1jb394a 0.40 24.924 5-Jan-2000 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, bright red soil, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-394-B bkr1jb394b 0.30 24.924 11-Feb-2002 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, bright red soil, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-394-B bkr2jb394b 0.32 24.924 16-Jul-2003 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, bright red soil, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-395-A bkr1jb395a 0.40 24.924 5-Jan-2000 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, dark red soil, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-395-B bkr1jb395b 0.30 24.924 11-Feb-2002 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, dark red soil, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-397-A bkr1jb397a 0.40 24.924 5-Jan-2000 Haleakala, cinder cone rim, fine-grained, dark red soil, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-397-B bkr1jb397b 0.30 24.924 11-Feb-2002 Haleakala, near cinder cone, tephra collected on surface, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-397-B bkr2jb397b 0.32 24.924 16-Jul-2003 Haleakala, near cinder cone, tephra collected on surface, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-397-C bkr1jb397c 0.32 25.921 15-Oct-2003 Haleakala, near cinder cone, tephra collected on surface, coare chips >250 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-399-A bkr1jb399a 0.40 24.924 5-Jan-2000 Haleakala, palagonitic material, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-399-B bkr1jb399b 0.30 24.924 11-Feb-2002 Haleakala, palagonitic material, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-399-B bkr2jb399b 0.32 24.924 16-Jul-2003 Haleakala, palagonitic material, dry sieved 45-125 µm Bishop et al. 2007
JB-498-A bkr1jb498a 0.40 24.924 30-Oct-2000 ferrihydrite collected from hot spring near Landmannalaugar campsite, Iceland, nanophase, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop & Murad (2002)
JB-499-A bkr1jb499a 0.40 24.924 30-Oct-2000 ferrihydrite collected from cold stream near Landmannalaugar campsite, Iceland, nanophase, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop & Murad (2002)
JB-500-A bkr1jb500a 0.30 24.924 27-Oct-2000 altered pillow lava, Hlö∂ufell tuya, Iceland, <2 um, dry-sieved <45 um Bishop et al (2002) Geol Soc
JB-500-B bkr1jb500b 0.30 24.924 27-Oct-2003 altered pillow lava, Hlö∂ufell tuya, Iceland, dry-sieved <125 um Bishop et al (2002) Geol Soc
JB-500-D bkr1jb500d 0.30 24.924 27-Oct-2000 altered pillow lava, Hlö∂ufell tuya, Iceland, <2 um, dry-sieved >125 um Bishop et al (2002) Geol Soc
JB-501-A bkr1jb501a 0.30 24.924 27-Oct-2000 palagonitic tuff, Thórólfsfell Ridge, Iceland, <2 um, dry-sieved <45 um Bishop et al (2002) Geol Soc
JB-501-D bkr1jb501d 0.30 24.924 27-Oct-2000 palagonitic tuff, Thórólfsfell Ridge, Iceland, <2 um, dry-sieved >125 um Bishop et al (2002) Geol Soc
JB-525 bkr1jb525 0.30 24.924 27-Apr-2001 chrysotile C54 from D. Dyar collection, see O'Hanley & Dyar 1998, asbestos fibers Bishop et al. (2002) CM-2
JB-526 bkr1jb526 0.30 24.924 27-Apr-2001 lizardite C53 from D. Dyar collection, see O'Hanley & Dyar 1993, ground, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. (2002) CM-2
JB-527 bkr1jb527 0.30 24.924 27-Apr-2001 chrysotile J68 from D. Dyar collection, see O'Hanley & Dyar 1998, asbestos fibers Bishop et al. (2002) CM-2
JB-528 bkr1jb528 0.30 24.924 27-Apr-2001 chrysotile W15 from D. Dyar collection, see O'Hanley & Dyar 1998, asbestos fibers Bishop et al. (2002) CM-2
JB-529 bkr1jb529 0.30 24.924 27-Apr-2001 icrolite W15 from D. Dyar collection, see O'Hanley & Dyar 1998, ground, dry sieved <125 µm Bishop et al. (2002) CM-2
JB-530 bkr1jb530 0.30 24.924 27-Apr-2001 chrysotile W54 from D. Dyar collection, see O'Hanley & Dyar 1998, asbestos fibers Bishop et al. (2002) CM-2
JB-549 bkr1jb549 0.30 25.921 5-Apr-2002 calcite, from Rodeo, Durango, Mexico, for more info see Lane & Christensen (1998), crushed, dry sieved <63 µm Bishop et al. (2004) Icarus
JB-556 bkr1jb556 0.30 25.921 5-Apr-2002 gypsum, from Mule Canyon, near Calico, Calif., for more info see Lane & Christensen(1998), crushed, dry sieved <63 µm Bishop et al. (2004) Icarus
JB-559 bkr1jb559a 0.30 152.511 18-Jun-2003 Antigorite sample An-0, ground 30 sec., see Drief et al., dry sieved < 45 µm Bishop et al. 2008b
JB-560 bkr1jb560a 0.30 152.512 18-Jun-2003 Antigorite sample An-1, ground 30 sec. plus 1 min., see Drief et al., dry sieved < 45 µm Bishop et al. 2008b
JB-561 bkr1jb561a 0.30 152.511 18-Jun-2003 Antigorite sample An-3, ground 30 sec., plus 3 min., see Drief et al., Bishop et al. 2008b
JB-561-A bkr1jb561b 0.30 28.649 26-Nov-2002 Antigorite sample An-3, ground 30 sec., plus 3 min., see Drief et al., dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2008b
JB-562 bkr1jb562a 0.30 152.511 18-Jun-2003 Antigorite sample An-10, ground 30 sec., plus 10 min.,see Drief et al., dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2008b
JB-563 bkr1jb563a 0.30 152.512 18-Jun-2003 Antigorite sample An-30, ground 30 sec., plus 30 min., see Drief et al., dry sieved < 45 µm Bishop et al. 2008b
JB-727 bkr1jb727 0.32 99.719 26-Dec-2006 celadonite, mica, from D. Dyar collection, see Bowen et al., 1989 ground, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2008a
JB-729 bkr1jb729 0.32 99.719 26-Dec-2006 zinnwaldite, mica, from D. Dyar collection, see Govindaraju et al., 1994 ground, dry sieved <45 µm Bishop et al. 2008a
JB-730 bkr1jb730 0.32 99.719 26-Dec-2006 biotite, mica, from D. Dyar collection, see Bishop et al. 2008a
JB-731 bkr1jb731 0.32 99.719 26-Dec-2006 glauconite, mica, Hurricane Mountain from D. Dyar collection, see Bishop et al. 2008a
JB-732 bkr1jb732 0.32 99.719 26-Dec-2006 chrysotile, sample C-200 from D. Dyar collection, see Bishop et al. 2008a
JB-738 bkr1jb738 0.32 99.719 23-Feb-2007 clinochlore, chlorite, 21C from Quebec, see Hemingway et al 1984 Bishop et al. 2008a
JB-739 bkr1jb739 0.32 99.719 23-Feb-2007 chamosite, chlorite, 21D from Ishpeming, Michigan, see Hemingway et al 1984 Bishop et al. 2008a
JB-MT002-A bkr1mt002a 0.30 24.923 1-Feb-1998 ALH 84001, split 92, chip, largest face, ave of multiple spectra on surface, chip surface Bishop et al. 1998-b
JB-MT002-B bkr1mt002b 0.30 24.924 1-Feb-1998 ALH 84001, split 92, powder <125 µm, ave of multiple FTIR spectra, powder <125 µm Bishop et al. 1998-a

 

Bishop Citation key for PDS spectral library

Bishop et al. (1993)
Bishop, J. L., C. M. Pieters, and R. G. Burns 1993. Reflectance and Mössbauer spectroscopy of ferrihydrite-montmorillonite assemblages as Mars soil analog materials. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57, 4583-4595.

Bishop et al. (1994)
Bishop, J. L., C. M. Pieters, and J. O. Edwards 1994. Infrared spectroscopic analyses on the nature of water in montmorillonite. Clays Clay Miner. 42 , 701-715.

Bishop et al. (1995)
Bishop, J. L., C. M. Pieters, R. G. Burns, J. O. Edwards, R. L. Mancinelli, and H. Froeschl 1995. Reflectance spectroscopy of ferric sulfate-bearing montmorillonites as Mars soil analog materials. Icarus 117, 101-119.

Bishop & Murad (1996)
Bishop, J. L. and E. Murad 1996. Schwertmannite on Mars? Spectroscopic analyses of schwertmannite, its relationship to other ferric minerals, and its possible presence in the surface material on Mars. In Mineral Spectroscopy: A tribute to Roger G. Burns, Vol. Special Publication Number 5 (M. D. Dyar, C. McCammon, and M. W. Schaefer, Eds.), pp. 337-358. The Geochemical Society.

Bishop et al. (1996)
Bishop, J. L., C. Koeberl, C. Kralik, H. Froeschl, P. A. J. Englert, D. W. Andersen, C. M. Pieters, and R. A. Wharton 1996. Reflectance spectroscopy and geochemical analyses of Lake Hoare sediments, Antarctica. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 60, 765-785.

Bishop et al. (1998) MAPS-a
Bishop, J. L., C. M. Pieters, T. Hiroi, and J. F. Mustard 1998. Spectroscopic analysis of martian meteorite ALH 84001 powder and applications for spectral identification of minerals and other soil components on Mars. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 33, 699-708.

Bishop et al. (1998) MAPS-b
Bishop, J. L., J. F. Mustard, C. M. Pieters, and T. Hiroi 1998. Recognition of minor constituents in reflectance spectra of ALH 84001 chips and the importance for remote sensing on Mars. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 33, 693-698.

Bishop et al. (1998) JGR
Bishop, J. L., H. Fröschl, and R. L. Mancinelli 1998. Alteration processes in volcanic soils and identification of exobiologically important weathering products on Mars using remote sensing. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31,457-31,476.

Bishop et al. (2001)
Bishop, J. L., A. Lougear, J. Newton, P. T. Doran, H. Froeschl, A. X. Trautwein, W. Körner, and Koeberl C. 2001. Mineralogical and geochemical analyses of Antarctic sediments: A reflectance and Mössbauer spectroscopy study with applications for remote sensing on Mars. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 65, 2875-2897.

Bishop & Murad (2002)
Bishop, J. L. and E. Murad 2002. Spectroscopic and Geochemical Analyses of Ferrihydrite from Hydrothermal Springs in Iceland and Applications to Mars. In Volcano-Ice Interactions on Earth and Mars (J. L. Smellie and M. G. Chapman, Eds.), pp. 357-370. Geological Society, Special Publication No.202.

Bishop et al. (2002) CM-1
Bishop, J. L., J. Madejová, P. Komadel, and H. Froeschl 2002c. The Influence of Structural Fe, Al and Mg on the Infrared OH Bands in Spectra of Dioctahedral Smectites. Clay Miner. 37, 607-616.

Bishop et al. (2002) CM-2
Bishop, J. L., E. Murad, and M. D. Dyar 2002b. The influence of octahedral and tetrahedral cation substitution on the structure of smectites and serpentines as observed through infrared spectroscopy. Clay Miner. 37, 617-628.

Bishop et al. (2002) Geol Soc
Bishop, J. L., P. Schiffman, and R. J. Southard 2002a. Geochemical and mineralogical analyses of palagonitic tuffs and altered rinds of pillow lavas on Iceland and applications to Mars. In Volcano-Ice Interactions on Earth and Mars (J. L. Smellie and M. G. Chapman, Eds.), pp. 371-392. Geological Society, Special Publication No.202.

Bishop et al. (2002) JGR
Bishop, J. L., S. L. Murchie, C. M. Pieters, and A. P. Zent 2002. A model of dust, soil, and rock coatings on Mars: Physical and chemical processes on the Martian surface. J. Geophys. Res. 107, 5097, doi:10.1029/2001JE001581.

Bishop & Murad 2004
Bishop, J. L. and E. Murad 2004. Characterization of minerals and biogeochemical markers on Mars: A Raman and IR spectroscopy study of montmorillonite. J. Raman Spectr. 35, 480-486.

Bishop et al. (2004)
Bishop, J. L., E. Murad, M. D. Lane, and R. L. Mancinelli 2004. Multiple techniques for mineral identification on Mars: A study of hydrothermal rocks as potential analogues for astrobiology sites on Mars. Icarus 169, 331-323.

Bishop et al. 2007
Bishop J. L., Schiffman P., Murad E., Dyar M. D., Drief A., and Lane M. D. (2007) Characterization of alteration products in tephra from Haleakala, Maui: A visible-infrared spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy, XRD, EPMA and TEM study. Clays and Clay Minerals, 55, 1-17.

Bishop et al. 2008a
Bishop J. L., Lane M. D., Dyar M. D. & Brown A. J. (2008) Reflectance and emission spectroscopy study of four groups of phyllosilicates: Smectites, kaolinite-serpentines, chlorites and micas Clay Minerals, 43, 35-54.

Bishop et al. 2008b
Bishop J. L., Dyar M. D., Sklute E. C. & Drief A. (2008) Physical alteration of antigorite: A Mössbauer spectroscopy, reflectance spectroscopy and TEM study with applications to Mars. Clay Minerals, 43, 55-67.

References for more sample information:

Lane & Christensen (1998)
Lane, M. D. and P. R. Christensen 1998. Thermal infrared emission spectroscopy of salt minerals predicted for Mars. Icarus 135, 528-536.

O'Hanley & Dyar (1993)
O'Hanley, D. S. and M. D. Dyar 1993. The composition of lizardite 1T and the formation of magnetite in serpentines. Am. Miner. 78, 391-404.

O'Hanley & Dyar (1998)
O'Hanley, D. S. and M. D. Dyar 1998. The composition of chrysotile and its relationship with lizardite. Canadian Miner. 36, 727-739.